Teaching Tips

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Academic Integrity Teaching Considerations

   Resources at WWU
   Ethics Code: Washington State
  Teaching Considerations

  Creating a Culture of Academic Integrity

  • Discuss the university’s academic honesty policy, as well as intellectual property, and copyright. Discuss the differences between plagiarism, paraphrasing, misuse of sources, and proper referencing. In addition, explain that the implications of plagiarism extend beyond the classroom. 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8
    --> This student handout may be useful: Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism.
  • Set clear standards for assignments, grading, and citation that will be required of students. Include these standards and expectations on your syllabus. 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8
  • Encourage and model integrity and ethical behavior in your classroom. This could include citing resources for each lecture, obtaining permission to show videos or distribute handouts, or giving positive reinforcement for students who model this behavior in their work. 2, 3, 8
  • Have students sign an honor code at the beginning of the semester or quarter, and sign an honor code with each exam or paper submitted. 2
  • Emphasize the importance of academic integrity and enlist students to help create a culture of academic integrity. By explaining the importance and significance of academic integrity and giving students the responsibility to protect academic integrity within the classroom, students can be great allies for you in the classroom. 2, 3, 7
  • Design assignments that require students to explore a topic in depth. Stress that the assignments are opportunities for rigorous learning and inquiry. When possible, change parts of the assignments for each offering of the course to reduce chances of students plagiarizing. 2, 4, 7, 8

  Avoiding Cheating and Protecting the Integrity of Exams

  • Set office hours and appointments for students before the exams in order to meet individually with students to help prepare for the test. 1
  • Develop questions that are not just meaningful to the course content, but extend to students’ ability to express and defend their judgments and understanding of the course content by using essay and short answer questions. 1, 2, 8
  • Carefully monitor the classroom during the exam by walking around the room and watching for wandering eyes. 1, 2, 5, 7
  • Give clear oral and written instructions to students about what materials can and cannot be used. 2
  • Scramble tests by distributing two versions of a test with different question order, and use alternate seating. 2, 5, 7
  • Require students to display their ID on their desks during the exam, and mark each student on the attendance sheet to discourage and avoid “ringers.” 2, 7
  • Require student ID on each exam in order to have the exam recorded and to ensure all exams are returned.
  • As often as possible, change the  exam questions, ideally from term to term. 2, 3, 7

  Avoiding Plagiarism with Writing Assignments

  • Incorporate oral presentations of students papers, in which students discuss the process of writing and developing their paper. 3, 8
  • Require students to submit their paper electronically and use an Internet tool to check for plagiarism. 3
  • Ask students to draw on and document a variety of sources, such as interviews, electronic resources, books, etc. 3, 4, 8
  • Explain research processes and expectations for resources, and ensure students have equal access to study materials. This includes teaching students how to use valid and reliable resources, both online and in libraries, and teaching students the expected citation standards. Be available for students in order to answer questions. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Collect notes and drafts of student papers throughout the term to track students’ progress. 3, 4, 6, 7, 8
  • Additionally, have students build possible topics for writing assignments early in the term so students have time to research in depth and don’t feel stressed for finding resources.

  What to Do If You Suspect Plagiarism

  • Confront the student directly to discuss what you noticed. 1, 4, 7
  • Compare the student’s previous work to previous assignments. 3
  • Report possible cases of plagiarism to appropriate administrators or review boards. 4

  Sources

  1. Academic Integrity: A Letter to My Students Bill Taylor, Oakton Community College
  2. Creating a Climate of Academic Integrity: Tips to Prevent Cheating, includes general preventative steps, University of California, Davis
  3. Creating a Culture of Academic IntegrityBridges, published by The Gwenna Moss Teaching & Learning Centre, University of Saskatchewan, January, 2003, Vol. 1 No. 3.
  4. Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism, includes shared responsibilities for faculty, Council of Writing Program Administrators
  5. Parents: Speak with Your Student About Academic Integrity, UNC Greensboro
  6. Plagiarism and Anti-Plagiarism, includes possible countermeasures, Heyward Ehrlich, Rutgers University
  7. Minimizing Academic Dishonesty, Center for Teaching and Learning, University of California, Berkeley
  8. Preventing Academic Dishonesty in Writing: A Guide for Faculty, includes classroom strategies for faculty, Academic Achievement Center, Lawrence Technological University